Pearls have always been associated with beauty and purity. In the current era, they are considered contemporary and are incorporated in more jewellery pieces. Natural pearls are formed when an irritant works its way into the shell of an oyster. Layers and layers of fluid are coated above the irritant as a means of defence mechanism until pearl is formed. However, natural pearls are quite rare to find these days.
With the rise in the demand of pearls and more women turning to pearl engagement rings, cultured pearls are produced. The natural formation of pearls is duplicated by manually introducing irritants. Man-made pearls are produced in large quantities in factories. They have similar lustrous appearance of natural pearls. Due to its lesser value, we now have access to affordable and quality jewellery.
Types of pearls:
- South Sea pearls
They are cultivated along the coasts of Australia, Indonesia, Philippines, Myanmar and some South Pacific islands. These pearls have excellent quality and have a whitish/ almost silver colour. They are larger than an average-sized pearl. They are exceptionally smooth and round. These types of oysters are sensitive making it more difficult to cultivate. Hence they are very rare and expensive.
- Tahitian pearls
These dark and exotic pearls are from Black-lip oyster or Pinctada margaritifera. Unlike the other common pearls, these pearls are naturally of dark colour. Though they are usually referred as black, they come in a remarkable colour range – green, iridescent peacock, deep black, light white and grey. Due to this, it is arduous to match the colours into a finish strand thus making it expensive.
- Akoya pearls
They are currently farmed in Japan and China. With a perfect round shape and mirror-like lustre, they are the classic pearls used in pearl strands and earrings. Akoya pearl oysters usually produce only two pearls per harvest. Unless Akoya pearls are colour-treated, they are of neutral colours with pink, blue, green or silver overtones. It is the third most valuable pearl next to South Sea and Tahitians.
- Fresh water pearls
Most of them are from China. They are mostly round in shape and appear similar to Akoya pearls but come at an affordable price. They have an elegant glow rather than a glossy shine. The natural shades include peach, white and lavender.
Pearls are a classic addition to your jewellery. Propose your loved one with a stunning pearl ring.