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Leadership as a personal characteristic

The behavior of a person and the leadership qualities of a person determine the leader. Such a person is able to organize the activities of the team: make decisions on behalf of the whole group, organize work, set an example. He proved that his choice for management is expedient and justified. He does not fold before solving problems that may seem insoluble. Leadership and personality are interrelated concepts.

The main features of the character of the leader

 The main features of the character of the leader include: control over behavior and emotions; positive vision; resistance to stress; readiness for change; confidence in success; clarity in the expression of thoughts; readiness to overcome difficulties; the ability to correctly manage time; ability to persuade; the ability to conduct a constructive dialogue.

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Unlike the leader, who is sometimes purposefully elected, but more often appointed, and who, being responsible for the state of affairs in his team, has the official right to encourage and punish the participants in joint activities, the informal leader is nominated spontaneously. He does not have any authoritative powers recognized outside the group and no official duties are imposed on him.

If the leader of the group and its leader are not the same person, then the relationship between them can contribute to the effectiveness of joint activities and harmonization of the group’s life, or, conversely, acquire a conflict character, which, ultimately, is determined by the level of group development. So, for example, in pro-social and antisocial associations, as a rule, the functions of a leader and a leader are performed by different members of the group. At the same time, most often the leader in the communities of this level of social and psychological development is a member of the group who is primarily responsible for maintaining and maintaining a positive emotional atmosphere in the group, while the leader, being primarily focused on improving the effectiveness of group activities, often does not take into account how this will affect the socio-psychological climate of the community.

In corporate groups, as well as in groups of high socio-psychological level of development, as a rule, the functions of a leader and a leader are assigned to the same person. At the same time, the foundations of leadership and leadership in these two types of highly developed psychologically groups are fundamentally different. So, if in corporate groupings the coincidence of the status positions of the leader and the leader is associated with the explicit priority of the relations of power at the expense of the emotional relationship plan, then in the prosocial group of a high level of development of the type of the collective it is emotional “replenishment” of power that often acts as a necessary foundation for the realization of formal power.